What are anabolic steroids?
Anabolic steroids are basically hormones that interfere with the rate of cell division and growth of a person’s body by increasing them. All steroids have androgenic and anabolic properties and therefore they are known as AAS which stands for Anabolic and Androgenic Steroids. The most common and natural of these steroids is testosterone.
Steroids and ancient Greece
As surprising as it may sound, anabolic steroids were very much a part of ancient Greece. If you look back at history you will see that steroids were part of the lives of professional athletes. They used natural substances that acted as steroids to increase the anabolic and androgenic growth in their bodies.
Steroids between the 1930’s and the 1950’s
Post ancient Greece, the first traces of steroids in the 20th century dates back to the 1930s when a scientist from Germany accidentally discovered them in the form of modern medicine. However no pursuit was made of the same. After about 20 years in the 1950s anabolic steroids came into the limelight in a big way. It was in 1958 that Dianabol or Methandrostenolone proved to be promising at their trials in countries over the world and were approved for use by the FDA in the United States.
From the 1960’s to the 1980’s
Steroid use became quite sporadic between the 1960’s and the 1980’s. Even though this happened there were still doubts whether or not the drugs had any real effect on the human body. To ascertain this there was a study that was carried out in 1972 on a group of people, some of which were injected with an anabolic steroid and some of which were induced with placebo. The result was that there was no notable difference between the two sets of people.
The 1990’s saw a more controlled experiment carried out by the National Institutes of Health. They injected their subjects with testosterone enanthate through their muscles in fairly high doses that amounted to about 600 mg of the drug per week for a period of 10 weeks. The results showed a clear distinction between these subjects and those who had placebo injections. The subjects under the influence of steroids showed a definitive gain in muscle mass and a decrease in fat.
During this time the US Congress was also working on an act to facilitate the controlled use of this substance. In 1990 the Anabolic Steroid Control Act was put into place. This act placed anabolic steroids into the 3rd Schedule of the Controlled Substances act.
The route of anabolic steroids in the future is not yet certain. With steroid use and abuse becoming a growing concern of the United States there has been yet another modification to the Controlled Substances Act. This modification was put into effect on the 20th of Jnuary 2005 and has opened up the path for the Anabolic Steroid Act of 2004. Under this new act, both prohormones and anabolic steroids are now controlled substances.